The United States Geological Survey (USGS) hosts and administers the U.S. Node (GBIF-USA) of the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF), and has done so since the U.S. joined as a founding member of GBIF in 2001. The USGS Core Science Analytics, Synthesis and Libraries Program administers the Node, with the Biodiversity Information Serving Our Nation (BISON) project comprising most node activities. As the the primary USGS project contributing to the Node, BISON provides a specialized publicly-accessible view of GBIF records for the U.S. and U.S. Territories, and assists with provision of U.S. and U.S. Territorial species occurrence records to GBIF via the BISON instance of the GBIF Integrated Publishing Toolkit (IPT). The BISON instance of the GBIF IPT also provides public access to detailed metadata records for each dataset that has been made available through BISON by the BISON Data Team and its partners.
The U.S. Node to GBIF represents an integral part of the USGS' activities to collect, organize and share biological information. Together with related efforts such as the Gap Analysis Program (GAP), National Fish Habitat Partnership (NFHP), Multi-state Aquatic Resources Information System (MARIS), and U.S. Node of the Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS-USA), GBIF-USA seeks to provide streamlined access to U.S. biodiversity information and link it with broader geoscience data to address critical societal issues.
Since establishing the Node in 2001, the USGS has fully funded direct implementation of GBIF-USA as a key contribution to its broader biodiversity informatics activities and focuses on mobilizing U.S. Government collections for inclusion into GBIF. Related national efforts such as VertNet, Advancing Digitization of Biological Collections (ADBC), and similar digitization and provision programs have received funding from the U.S. National Science Foundation, Smithsonian Institution, and others.
The White House Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) coordinated Ecoinformatics-based Open Resources and Machine Accessibility (EcoINFORMA) initiative, is a broader U.S. government effort to organize and share data on biodiversity, environmental health, and ecosystem services. The Biological and Ecosystems Informatics Working Group (or BioEco), made up of representatives from numerous U.S. government agencies, helps organize and prioritize contributions to both EcoINFORMA and BISON. BISON serves as the Biodiversity Resource Hub of EcoINFORMA.